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MONOG

Location

Monog is a townland of 224 statute acres 2 roods and 13 perches lying immediately east of Crossmaglen. St Patricks Church, Crossmaglen, erected in 1835, lies in the townland. It is bounded on the north and east by Urcher and on the south by Sheiland.

Name of townland

The name of the townland means "The soft bog". There is no other townland of that name in Ireland.

Sources of Information

Information about the townland was extracted from the following sources -

  • Census of Creggan 1766
  • Tithe Applotment Books-Creggan Parish-1828
  • Townland Valuation 1837
  • Griffiths Valuation 1864
  • Census of Ireland 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1926, 1937, 1951
  • First Northern Ireland General Revaluation 1935
  • Second Revaluation 1957

Valuation

Annual Rateable Valuation of Townland
Year 1828 1837 1851 1864 1935 1957 1972
Valuation 110-3-4 151-17-6 150-10-0 242-13-0 316-3-0 470-8-0 644-8-0

In the Tithe Applotment Books 1828 the total area is recorded as 136 acres and 33 perches (Irish). The Half Yearly Rectorial Tithe was 5-10-2.

The 1837 Townland Valuation recorded only houses worth 5 or more a year. There were three such house in the townland -
George Harvey
Rev. M. Lennon
James McKenna

The Third Revaluation (1975) did not identify property by townlands. Instead, it used the new Post Office system of road names and postcodes. It can therefore not be used to continue this series of household, land and property censuses. To get as close as possible to the present, the position in the townland at the date of the last recorded revision of the Second Revaluation is presented.

Griffiths Valuation records the owner of the land, with the exception of a few acres and houses, as Thomas P. Ball. The distribution of land holdings in 1864 and 1935 is set out in the following table.

  Holdings - number by acreage
  Less than 10 10 to 19 20 and over Total
1864
26
3
3
32
1935
20
6
2
28

The 1957 land holdings were not counted.

Census of Ireland 1901

The Census enumerated 49 persons in 14 households; a ratio of 3.5 people per household. The households ocupied a total of 50 rooms; a ratio of 3.8 rooms per household and 1 person per room. Three of the households (with 9 people) occupied 6 or more rooms, one (with 6 people) occupied 4 rooms, three (with 16 people) occupied 3 rooms and seven (with 18 people), occupied 2 rooms.

Native Irish Speakers

Of the 49 households enumerated in the Census, four contained at least one native Irish speaker - nine in all. Since theirs was the last generation to have been born into a predominently Irish speaking environment, their names, occupations and ages are recorded here. All were born in Co. Armagh.

  • Mary McCoy, seamstress, 48
  • Catherine Mcgeeney, seamstress, 54
  • Thomas McNulty, farmer, 57
    his wife Catherine, housekeeper, 59
    sons Michael, farm worker, 23
    Joseph, farem worker, 17
    and daughter, scholar, 13
  • John Loy, farmer, 67
    and his sister-in-law, Margaret Byrne, farmer, 62
* The average age of the Irish speakers was 44; oldest 67, youngest 13.
* All of the group one could read and write.

Population Decline

The following table sets out the number of houses and population enumerated in the townland in each of the 11 Censuses held between 1841 and 1951.

  1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1926 1937 1951
Houses 41 32 22 21 15 13 14 12 17 21 17
People 200 134 81 76 65 57 49 44 47 65 66
People per house 4.9 4.2 3.7 3.6 4.3 4.4 3.5 3.7 2.8 3.1 3.9

In the period of 110 years, the number of households dropped by 59% and the population by 67%. The initial fall of 33% between 1841 and 1851 - the famine years, was followed by a rapid decline in the following ten years, leaving but 40% of the original population. There followed a continuing decline until the 1911 Census after which when the position improved slightly for the next 40 years.

Names of House and Land Holders

All the Valuations since Griffiths identified those with houses in the townland and those who while living elsewhere leased or owned land there. The Census of Ireland enumerated only households in the townland. The following table uses this approach.

Although the data is not strictly comparable since the information was gathered for different purposes and used varying criteria, it provides a comparison of the names listed in the townland at the different periods. While we can not discern the direct lines of descent it is clear that many are from the same families.


             
Census of Creggan Tithe Applotment Books Griffiths Valuation Census of Ireland First NI revaluation Second Revaluation
1766 1828 1864 1901 1935 1957 1970
             
Households/Land Households Households Households Households Households
Bryan Harvassy Samuel Ball Esq Owen Boyle Catherine Callaghan Rev Luke Donnellan Dr. John P. Cromie P. Campbell
Michael Hinimnagh Bryan Boyle Michael Burns Daniel Harvey Michael Laverty Michael Hughes Dr. John P. Cromie
Philimy Hinimnagh Michael Byrne Laurence Caffrey James Lennon Mary Loy Peter Hughes Eugene Donaghy
Widow Lennan Henry Caffry Bryan Duffy John Loy Margaret Mackin Francis Kearnan Dr. Patrick Fee
Cornelius McArdle John Coyle Elizabeth Harty William S. McBride William S. McBride Mary Loye John F. Foley
Laughlin McArdle James Duffy Bridget Harvey Owen McCoy Francis McDonnell G. Mackin Rev. John Halfpenny
Peter McArdle Johnston Hamilton Michael Lennan Catherine McGeeney Francis McDonnell James McEntee Michael Hughes
Hugh McEnolty Cornelius Harvesy Rev Michael Lennan Rev. Patrick McGeeney Thomas McEntee Patrick McEntee Peter Hughes
John McGurk James Kearney Hugh McAnulty Henry McGuinness Rev Patrick McGrath Rev. Francis McFadden Francis Kearnan
John McNamee Francis Lannin Michael McAnulty Catherine McNamee Patrick McGuinness Patrick McGuinness Rev. Canon Joseph Kelly
Widow McNamee Thomas Mackin Thomas McAnulty Peterm McNamee Rev. Canon James McKeown H. McNamee Mary Loye
Charles McShane Michael McAnulty Philip McArdle Thomas McNamee Henry McNamee Rev. Canon H. Murray Patrick McEntee
Patt McAnulty Thomas McCaffrey Thomas McNulty Henry McNamee Eugene Nugent J.F. McEvoy
Denis McCardle Catherine McCoy Rev. Patrick Quinn Francis Oates Anne Oates Patrick McGuinness
Owen McCave Henry McCoy Patrick O'Callaghan Kevin O'Callaghan Philip McQuillan
Christopher McDermot Stephen McCoy Maurice O'Connor Maurice O'Connor L. Murphy
Patt McFelan Edward McKenna Maurice O'Connor John Smyth ? Nelson
Charles McShane Bryan McNamee Thomas Shields   M. O'Brien
Edward McShane Owen McNamee     Kevin O'Callaghan
Michael McShane Thomas McNamee Land Land Eugene Nugent
Thomas McShane Mary McShane Henry Carraher Peter Conally Patrick Shields
Hugh Meathe Rose McShane Peter Conally John Donaghy John Smyth
Patt Meathe Michael Murphy John Donaghy William Hale  
Thomas Meathe Anne Quinn Hugh Feighan Joseph Kernan Land
William Meathe Anne Short Caroline Hale Isobel Malcolmson Peter Conally
Denis Nugent James Lennon Patrick Martin William Hale
Denis O'Hare Land Kate Lennon James McAlister Joseph Kernan
Thomas Ruddy Margaret Anne Bernard James Malcolmson Mary McAnulty Frank Kiernan Jun
William Stephens Ellen Carney Joseph Martin Patrick McCardle Patrick Martin
John Ward William Corr James McAlister Patrick McConville Patrick McCardle
    James Curran   Mary McAnulty Mary K. McCormack Patrick McConville
    Catherine Mackin   Edward McArdle Owney McCoy Bridget McEneaney
    Jeremiah McDonnell   Michael McArdle Bridget McEneaney Patrick McShane
    Elizabeth Stephens   Francis McConville Patrick McShane Patrick McShane (Square)
    William Stitt   Mary K. McCormack W. O'Donnell  
        Thomas McCoy    
        Bernard McEnaney    
        James O'Donnell    

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Last Updated on 1 January 2003
Email: pdevlinz@btinternet.com

© Patrick Devlin 2003